Further to the earlier posts on visual interpretations: Bamyian Buddhas, and Virtual Restoration, as well as the recent news coverage about the tomb, a piece about the reconstruction of the Tomb of Tutankhamun seems apposite.
This project was started in 2009, and is now complete, with the facsimile of the tomb reconstructed next to Howard Carter’s house just outside the Valley of the Kings. The video below explains the project, and the process:
And here is an article with more detail about the recording and the reconstruction, by Factum Arte, who produced the recreation:
It is fascinating to see exactly how the reconstruction was created, from the 3-d imaging of the original, to the creation of the replica.
A recreation of the tomb seems a good solution to preserving the original from the deterioration factors associated with huge visitor numbers, while still allowing access and close viewing to large number of visitors to a tomb which exactly represents the original. The reconstruction has a second conservation value, in that it also creates a precise record of the tomb at this date, allowing for monitoring of any deterioration of the original against the copy.
Of course recreations and reconstructions of tombs is not new, although the technology and concept of the above project is. Among many others, a photographic campaign by Kodak in the 1980s produced two photographic copies of the burial chamber of the tomb of Sennefer; a modern reproduction from these photos is currently installed in the Egypt Land of Immortality exhibition at the Reiss Engelhorn Museum in Mannheim, creating a replica of the burial chamber within the museum.